Whether you are planning to self-build, renovation or extension, windows are definitely one of the considerable components of your home that you need to purchase. Windows are also one of the most important parts of your home as it protects you from the weather and gives natural lighting and ventilation. But, are you choosing the right windows for your home? What should be considered?
Windows are no doubt, a great impact to the façade of your home. During the planning stage, you might have a certain design style that you want, whether it is contemporary or traditional. Windows come also with this style. Each window type serves a different purpose depending on the intended use and there are a variety of options to choose from. Here are some of the common types of windows in the market right now:
Here are the window types that are commonly used:
Single and Double Hung Windows
These windows have operating sash that can move either up and down (For Double Hung) or just a single operable lower sash.
Advantages: Easy cleaning from inside
No outward opening, can be flushed to the wall
Disadvantage: 50% Opening for Airflow
These windows are hinged on the top and opening outward at an angle.
Advantages: Allows ventilation and protection from the rain because of the panel opening.
You’ll have more air flow than hung windows
Disadvantage: Panel opens outward sticking outside the wall/façade.
These windows are hinged on the side and opening outward.
Advantages: Efficiency: Maximized Ventilation/Full opening
You can flush the window panels to the exterior wall
Variety of design features so It can be in combination with other types
Disadvantage: Size limitation on the panel. Must consider weight.
Opening hardware must be unobstructed, therefore screen and shade is not the best option.
These windows operate in horizontal direction;
Advantages: Minimal Maintenance- Fewer parts, just rollers
More durable than other window types
Easy to use/Easy to open because of simple mechanism
Larger Sliding Window panels can give you more view of the outside
Disadvantage: 50% Airflow, Cleaning outside panels are more difficult
These windows are fixed and stationary.
Advantages: Provides clear and unobstructed view of the outside
It helps insulation and weatherproofing since there no operable panel.
Can be fabricated into larger panels to Provide better natural light
Energy Efficient- Can use insulated glass for thermal insulation
Disadvantage: No Airflow, Difficulty in cleaning especially if located on a higher floor
Bay and Bow Window
These windows project beyond the exterior walls, thus creating an additional space. This is usually used when you want a wider view of the garden or the outdoor.
Advantage: Allow more natural light to enter due to several window panels
Good ventilation with more windows
Disadvantage: More difficult to add window treatment because of the shape or configuration
More expensive to add
Tilt and Turn Window
These windows have two functions: swing like to open like casement or you can tilt the top sash for ventilation like a hopper/awning window
Advantage: Good ventilation
Easy to clean because of its opening functions
It can be more aesthetically pleasing because of Its hidden Sash and hinges
Disadvantage: Mechanism should be heavy duty and reliable to prevent costly repairs
Windows are opening inward, window treatment must be planned correctly
Window Type by Materials
There are several frame materials that are used for windows.
You can either choose the following materials for the frame:
1. UPVC – made of plastic and usually in white. UPVC is less costly than aluminum or wood and is easier to maintain
Disadvantages: General UPVC are thinner and weaker than aluminum and wood. Tip is to make sure that the frame is thick enough to last years.
2. Wood – These windows are more expensive than UPVC, with good thermal insulation. With proper protection, timber windows are durable. You can just paint the frame to the color that you want.
Disadvantage: Requires more maintenance that UPVC, because of wear and tear. Repairs can reduce the life span of your window
3. Aluminum – widely used because it is stronger than wood and UPVC. It has smooth finish and available into different colors. These windows are commonly used in Offices, Hotels, Hospitals, auditorium and other complexes.
Disadvantage: Air tightness can be an issue because of the profile, Weak thermal insulation, Not as sustainable as UPVC and Woodand Aluminum can oxidize over time
Choosing a window type depends on the intended use and function. Hence, you must always check what’s the best window for your home with the help of professionals and window contractors. Always put it mind that windows are very important in your home and must be chosen and installed properly.